Biblical Languages


Biblia Hebraica Leningradensia. ed. Aron Dotan. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2001.

*Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. eds. K. Elliger and W. Rudolph. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelstiftung, 1967-1977.

Botterweck, G. Johannes, and H. Ringgren, eds. Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament. 15 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974-2006.

*Brown, Francis, S. R. Driver, and Charles A. Briggs. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Pub, 1996.

Clines, David J. A. The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew. 8 vols. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993-.

Even-Shoshan, Avraham. Introduction to A New Concordance of the Old Testament. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1989.

Harris, R. Laird, Gleason L. Archer Jr., and Bruce K. Waltke, eds. Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. 2 vols. Chicago: Moody, 1980.

Jenni, Ernst, and Claus Westermann, eds. Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament. trans. M. E. Biddle. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1997.

Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner. The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 5 vols. New York: E. J. Brill, 1994-2000.

*Van Gemeren, Willem A. The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.

Van Pelt, Miles V. Biblical Hebrew: A Compact Guide. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012.

Introductory Hebrew Grammars

*Garrett, Duane. A Modern Grammar for Classical Hebrew. Nashville: B&H, 2002.

Pratico, Gary D., and Miles V. Van Pelt. Basics of Biblical Hebrew Grammar. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001.

Ross, Allen P. Introducing Biblical Hebrew. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2001.

Syntax/Advanced Hebrew Grammars

Gesenius’ Hebrew Grammar as ed. and enl. by E. Kautzsch. 2nd ed. rev. by A. E. Cowley. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910. (GKC)

*Waltke, Bruce K., and M. O’Connor. An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1990.


*Bauer, Walter. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (BDAG). 3rd ed. Edited by Frederick William Danker. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2001.

*Brown, Colin, ed. New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. 4 vols. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1974-86.

Burer, Michal H., and Jeffery E. Miller. A New Reader’s Lexicon of the Greek New Testament. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2008.

Goodrich, Richard J., and Albert L. Lukaszewski. A Reader’s Greek New Testament. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2007.

*The Greek New Testament. 4th ed. Edited by K. Aland et al. New York: United Bible Societies, 1993.

Kittel, Gerhard, Gerhard Friedrich, and Geoffrey W. Bromiley. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. 10 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976.

*Köstenberger, Andreas J., and Raymond Bouchoc. The Book Study Concordance of the Greek New Testament. Nashville: B&H, 2003.

Louw, J. P., and Eugene A. Nida. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Based on Semantic Domains. New York: United Bible Societies, 1989.

Novum Testamentum Graece. 27th ed. E. Nestle and K. Aland, eds. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelstiftung, 2001.

Robertson, A. T. Word Pictures in the New Testament. 6 vols. Nashville: Broadman, 1930.

Robinson, Maurice A., and Mark A. House, eds. Analytical Lexicon of New Testament Greek. Revised and updated. ed. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2012.

*Silva, Moisés. Biblical Words and Their Meaning: An Introduction to Lexical Semantics. rev. and exp. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994.

UBS Greek New Testament: Reader’s Edition with Textual Notes. 4th ed. Wheaton: Crossway, 2011.

Introductory Greek Grammars

*Mounce, William D. Basics of Biblical Greek. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993.

*Black, David A. Learn to Read New Testament Greek. exp. ed. Nashville: B&H, 1995.

Syntax/Advanced Greek Grammars

*Black, David A. It’s Still Greek to Me: An Easy-to-Understand Guide to Intermediate Greek. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1998.

———. Using New Testament Greek in Ministry. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1993.

Blass, F., and A. Debrunner. A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and other Early Christian Literature. rev. and trans. Robert W. Funk. Chicago: University Press, 1961. (BDF)

Harris, Murray J. Prepositions and Theology in the Greek New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012.

Robertson, A. T. A Grammar of the Greek New Testament in the Light of Historical Research. 4th ed. Nashville: Broadman, 1934.

*Wallace, Daniel B. The Basics of New Testament Syntax. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2000.

*———. Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996.

Textual Criticism

Black, David A. New Testament Textual Criticism: A Concise Guide. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2006.

*———, ed. Rethinking New Testament Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2002.

Brotzman, Ellis R. Old Testament Textual Criticism: A Practical Introduction. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1994.

Comfort, Philip. Encountering the Manuscripts: An Introduction to New Testament Paleography & Textual Criticism. Nashville: B&H Academic, 2005.

*Metzger, Bruce M. The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration. 3d ed. enlarged. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

———. A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. 3rd ed. New York: United Bible Societies, 1975.

*Tov, Emanuel. Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible. 3rd ed. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2011.

Wallace, Daniel B., ed. Revisiting the Corruption of the New Testament: Manuscript, Patristic, and Apocryphal Evidence. Grand Rapids: Kregel Academic & Professional, 2011.